The railways are a life support to millions of people all around the world. It ushered in an era of industrialization and globalization through rapid transcontinental transport, connecting places like was never thought before. The lowest of socio-economic strata depend on the railway system for long distance journeys. Trains simply changed the way
Ancient railway tracks: To make animal drawn carriages more efficient a transport process, pre-determines tracks were put to place, over which the wheels would ply. This was 2000 years ago, in Egypt, Babylon and Greece. Remnants of these ‘wagonways’ can be found in the Isthmus of Corinth, in Greece.
Steam Engines: James Watt is credited as the discoverer of the steam engine. Watt’s patent ran out in 1800 and several engineers started augmenting the design. first steam engines ran on primitive tracks on 21st February, 1804. Richard Trevithick’s unnamed steam locomotive that hauled a train, along a tramway.
The first electric locomotive was built in 1837 by Robert Davidson and the first internal combustion engine (diesel engine) by William Dent Priestman.
High speed railway came in 1964, when the Tokaido Shinkansen was introduced between Tokyo and Osaka, in Japan.
Who is known as the father of Indian Railways?
Lord Dalhousie is known as the father of Indian Railways.
When did the first train run in India?
|Name||Built By||Ran From||
|Red Hill Railway||Arthur Cotton||Red Hills||
Chintradipet Bridge in Madras
|Godavari Dam Construction Railway
||Arthur Cotton||Dowleswaram in Rajamundry||
Over the Godavari River
|Solani Aqueduct Railway||Proby Cautley||Roorkee||
Over the Solani River
The idea of a passenger train first occurred to George Clark. He was the Chief Engineer of the Bombay Government. The first railway in the subcontinent of India ran from Mumbai to Thane on April 16,1853 at 3:30 PM. It had 14 railway carriages and carries 400 guests. It was 21 miles in stretch.
The first passenger trains:
|Ran From||Ran To||Date||
|Bori Bunder (Mumbai)||Thane||April 16, 1853||
|Kolkata||Hooghly||August 15, 1854||
|Chennai||Arcot||July 1, 1856||
Modern Indian Railways
What is the capacity of the Indian Railways?
Indian Railways is the world’s 4th largest railway network, in terms of size. It is the largest Rail Network in Asia.
It is the world’s 8th largest employer.
It has 1.308 million employees, as of 2017.
It has a revenue of US$29 billion in 2018–2019
It is a multi-gauge, multi-traction system.
It covers a total of 1,08,706 kilometres.
Indian Railways runs an approx. of 11,000 trains every day.
What are the services provided?
Indian Railway Services consist of:
1. Passenger Railways
2. Freight Services
3. Parcel Carrier
4. Catering and Tourism Services
5. Parking lot Operations
6. Related Services
Who manages the Indian Railways?
The Railway Board oversees the Railways and reports to the Ministry.
The Railway Board is a part of the Ministry of Railways, consists of One Chairman and 5 other members.
The present Minister of Railways is Piyush Goyal.
How many zones is the Indian Railways divided into?
There are, in total, 16 zones.
|East Central Railway||Hajipur||
|East Coast Railway
||Baroda House, New Delhi||
|North Central Railway
|North Eastern Railway
|North Frontier Railway
|North Western Railway
|South Central Railway
|South Eastern Railway
||Garden Reach, Kolkata||
|South East Central Railway
|South Western Railway
|West Central Railway
What are the Indian Railways Exams?
Railways have personnel employed under separate departments (Technical or non-technical) in each zone and division.
Recruitment into each department is made at levels. Highest level is officers in Group A and lowest is staff in Group D.
Group A Exams
|Group A||UPSC (Union Public Service Commission Exam)||
|Civil Service Examination
Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
Indian Railways Accounts Service (IRAS)
|Combined Engineering Service
Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE)
Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE)
Indian Railway Services of Signal Engineers (IRSSE)
Indian Railway Store Service (IRSS)
The career progression of Group A officers is as follows:
|RRB ALP (Assistant Loco Pilot)||Post: Train Driver
Eligibility: Diploma in Electrical/Mechanical/Electronics
|RRB JE (Junior Engineer)
||Eligibility : 3 years diploma in Electrical/Mechanical/Civil/Electronics/IT etc
B.Sc in Civil Engineering
18-25 years age
|RRB SSE (Senior Section Engineer)
||Eligibility: 4 years Bachelor’s degree in streams of Electrical/Mechanical/Civil/Mechatronics/Automobile/M.Sc
20-34 years age
|RRC Group D
||Eligibility: 10th Pass/ITI or equivalent
Posts: Trackman, helper-II, porter etc.
18-33 years age
|RRB NTPC (Non Technical Popular Categories)
1. Traffic Apprentice
2. Commercial Apprentice
3. Enquiry- Cum-Reservation Clerk
4. Goods Guard
5. Senior – Clerk-Cum Typist
6. Junior Accounts Assistant -Cum –Typist
7. Assistant Station Master
8. Traffic Assistant9.Senior Time Keeper